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Use of Semaglutide

Use of Semaglutide acetate salt:
Semaglutide, a long-acting GLP-1 analogue, is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist that can be used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

In Vitro:

Semaglutide has two amino acid substitutions compared to human GLP-1 (Aib8, Arg34) and is derivatized at lysine 26. The GLP-1R affinity of Semaglutide is 0.38±0.06 nM. Semaglutide is a GLP-1 analogue with 94% sequence omology to human GLP-1.


In Vivo:

The plasma half-life of Semaglutide is 46h in mini-pigs following i.v. administration and semaglutide has an MRT of 63.6h after s.c. dosing to mini-pigs. Semaglutide improves 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced motor impairments. In addition, Semaglutide rescues the decrease of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) levels, alleviates the inflammation response, reduces lipid peroxidation, inhibits the apoptosis pathway, and also increases autophagy- related protein expression, to protect dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and striatum. Moreover, the long-acting GLP-1 analogue semaglutide is superior to liraglutide in most parameters. Semaglutide lowers blood glucose by stimulating the release of insulin and also lowers body weight.


Animal Admin:

Mice Male C57BL/6 mice 10 weeks old (20-25 g) are used throughout the study. Mice are randomized divided into six groups (n=12 per group) (i) control group treated with saline alone; (ii) liraglutide group treated with saline and liraglutide (25 nmol/kg ip. once daily for 7 days); (iii) Semaglutide group treated with saline and Semaglutide (25 nmol/kg ip. once daily for 7 days), (iv) MPTP group treated with MPTP alone (once daily 20 mg/kg ip. for 7 days); (v) MPTP (once daily 20 mg/kg ip. for 7 days) followed immediately by liraglutide treated group (25 nmol/kg ip. once daily for 7 days). (vi) MPTP (20 mg/kg ip. once daily for 7 days) followed immediately by Semaglutide treated group (25 nmol/kg ip. Once daily for 7 days). At the end of drug treatments, measure the behavioral changes, neuronal damage, inflammatory markers, and other biomarkers.

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